Friday, January 31, 2014

Bringing up Cary Grant and the Oscars

None But Lonely Heart Cary Grant
1944 Studio Still
Archie and Old Oscar : Four Decades at The Movies

Cary Grant made 72 films from 1932 to 1966. In his career he was nominated for two competitive Academy Awards, both Best Actor.

First for Penny Serenade and then None But the Lonely Heart 1941 and 1944 respectively. He didn't win either. 

The reasons why he never won and wasn't nominated more often are debatable.

In 1970, he received an honorary lifetime achievement Oscar "for his unique mastery of the art of screen acting." This was a quarter century after his last nomination and it was after he'd retired from the business.

His specialties, probably the films for which we best remember him, were forms of romantic comedy (screwball comedies and other types of comedy) and Hitchcock-type thrillers.  

Holiday, 1938 doesn't get the attention that it deserves. Directors hired him because he could bring certain qualities to any role.

All of the nominated performances and films are very good and recommended. To say someone should have been nominated has nothing to do with the talented people who actually were nominated. Nowhere is it suggested that he deserved an award more than anyone else.

I think he had some great performances that should have been recognized, nominated at least. Maybe there was some snubbing going on. I looked back at the history to see how it went. All the movies that were nominated and the movies that won are terrific.

Should he have been nominated more often? Should he have received an Oscar? If he was snubbed why might that be? Instead of saying yes or no, saying the obvious that I'm a fan and like his films, I looked at some history to find out. This turned me onto more films across the board and introduced me to more info about the film world. All good.

Types of Films. Some say it's because of the types of films he made. Much of
Mae West Cary Grant
Magazine Photo clipping
8x10 1page
his career Cary Grant made films that were hits with not the type that the Academy is apt to award. They weren't necessarily favored by critics. 

He focused on the fans, the box office. He never made movies that were, as some say, Oscar bait.

To this day, comedies, though arguably more difficult than drama, are rarely honored with Academy Awards. 

When the first Academy Awards were handed out in 1929, Charlie Chaplin received a special award "for versatility and genius in acting, writing, directing and producing." This was for his 1928 film The Circus. At that time the first president of the Academy was friend Douglas Fairbanks. **

While popular and admired, Alfred Hitchcock's films were rarely recognized by the Academy. 

When Mae West said her famous line, "Why don't you come up and see me?" It was said to a young Cary Grant in She Done Him Wrong, 1932.

When his films were being made. The period during which he was making movies probably played a part. During World War Two were they more likely to award an uplifting, patriotic movie and performance? In the 1940s, particularly during the Second World War, films with patriotic and/or homespun values  were popular.
Cary Grant glossy photo

He was politically incorrect. He certainly never seemed to campaign for an Oscar. In 1951, he starred in a film, People Will Talk, that appeared to deal with McCarthy-style hearings at the same time that they were actually going on. 

When people scorned Ingrid Bergman for having an affair and having children with another man, he stood by her. 

She left the country and lived in Italy for almost a decade thanks to the scandal. When she won Best Actress for Anastasia, Cary Grant accepted the Oscar for her in 1957.

Don't hate me because I'm beautiful. I have a friend who's a Tom Cruise fan. She insists that Cary Grant, 'like Cruise,' is not taken seriously by the Academy because of his appearance. Tall, dark and handsome vs short, gold and shiny? 

A high percentage of Hollywood stars appear to be more attractive than not, particularly with the help of make up, hair, lighting and costume professionals, etc. I'm not altogether sure about this one. 

"Actors as a group are the world's biggest worriers. A lot of them worry about Cary Grant. One star about the same age as Cary recently complained: 'How does he do it? He's handsomer than when he was Mae West's leading man. I can't make an appearance without my make-up man along -- and this guy doesn't even use makeup on camera.' .... 

"Someone called Rock Hudson a young Cary Grant. Commented Rock, 'How can there be a young Cary Grant? The real one is ageless.'" 
-- Daytona Beach Morning Journal, Jun 28, 1964

He always played himself, He made it look too easy, He always played the same character. Some people say he never won because he was always playing himself in movies. I guess those people knew him personally.

"Grant’s attention to detail became legendary. He practiced hours to discover the funniest, most effective way to light a cigarette, fasten a cuff link, straighten his tie. No motion was too insignificant. 'I used to stand in the back of movie houses and listen to the audience. If they laughed at a certain piece of business I never forgot it.'"
-- The Saturday Evening Post - March 1978

"I wonder if audiences realize what is the hardest thing in the world. It is for every actor to be what you call natural. Whenever I hear people say that Crosby or Gary Cooper just play themselves in pictures, I have to laugh. There is no such thing. Remember how self-conscious most people become when they have their picture taken or someone breaks out an amateur movie camera."
-- Films and Filming - July 1961 What it Means to be a Star by Cary Grant.

This quote makes me think of our present-day Reality Shows and all the craft-work that goes into making people come off as so-called realistic.

The Academy of Motion Pictures Arts and Sciences (AMPAS) was still pretty new in 1932 when Grant made his first film. The first awards were given out in May of 1929. They honored movies released August 1, 1927 – August 1, 1928.

The idea for the Academy began with the heads of the major film studios discussing the creation of an organized group for the film industry and a banquet. It was established that membership be invitation only and open to those in the business in certain branches of the industry as it is today. Categories and processes have morphed over the years but it's similar.  This is a very rough explanation of course.

Some say he didn't receive more nominations because of his way of doing business. He was a businessman as well as being an actor. Some of his tactics, methods to get himself and his films a good deal, rubbed people the wrong way. He was very specific in his contracts. But this suggestion doesn't seem realistic. He wasn't that unique. Then and now, ego, salary requests are all part of the game. Is the performer worth it? Just like any other business.

"Ain’t nobody got so much money that they don’t want all the money that’s coming to them."
-- Dolly Parton in The New York Times, John Bowe, speaking about music royalties. She's also said this in television interviews.

Going independent. Some say Grant was snubbed because he was the first major Hollywood star to go independent. By not renewing his studio contract, he left the studio system, which almost completely controlled what an actor could or could not do. [I sometimes saw it said that he was the first major Hollywood talking pictures star to leave the studio system.]

In this way, Grant was able to control every aspect of his career. This was dangerous because he ran the risk of not working since no particular studio had an interest in his career long term.

He's a rebel and he'll never ever be any good...
He's a rebel 'cause he never ever does what he should
But just because he doesn't do what everybody else does..... (Was he one of the original industry rebels? For some reason The Crystals' song came to mind. :) 

He also resigned from the Academy apparently garnering long-term ire of a lot of people in the industry. Rightly or wrongly, they took that personally and didn't forget it. So he was an outsider. But he still knew the value that an Oscar would bring to both his own career and to the overall takings any film that won.

"Please accept my resignation. I don't want to belong to any club that will accept people like me as a member." Groucho Marx sent this in a telegram to the Friar's Club of Beverly Hills to which he belonged; Groucho and Me (1959)

I can see why he was a hero for present-day nonconformists such as Bill Murray and John Cleese who'd go on to shake things up in the industry years later. Cleese even named his character in A Fish Called Wanda, Archie Leach after Cary Grant's birth name.
I have favorite Cary Grant films. I love the comedies and the Hitchcock movies. There are still some of his films that I haven't seen so it's fun to see those. I get a kick out of seeing his early films.

Grant appeared as a leading man opposite Marlene Dietrich in Blonde Venus (1932). It's a good very early Grant film. If you want to see how far the actor evolved watch that movie and others from this era.
Dietrich is wonderful in it and how often do you get to see a voodoo gorilla striptease?

You'll get to see the raw talent (and the youthful good looks). You can see why he feared becoming just an arm ornament for top female stars.

Philadelphia Story Photograph Master Print High Quality
The Philadelphia Story was a big hit in 1940. It got six Oscar nominations including Outstanding Production aka Best Picture. 

Three performances were called out for acting nominations: Best Actor: James Stewart; Best Actress: Katharine Hepburn and Best Supporting Actress: Ruth Hussey. 

James Stewart won for Best Actor.

Stewart said very complementary things about working with Grant and about his performance in the film. Joseph L. Mankiewicz the movie's producer, wrote Cary Grant a letter to thank him. 

"Whatever success this picture is having ... is due in my opinion to you in far greater proportions than anyone has seen fit to shout about. .... Your presence as Dexter and particularly your sensitive and brilliant playing of the role, contribute what I consider to the backbone and basis of practically ever emotional value in the piece. I can think of no one who could have done as well or given as much."
Cary Grant
: A Class Apart by Graham McCann 

Richard Corliss, Time Magazine's film editor, suggested that Cary Grant was snubbed for an Oscar nomination in 1941. In a 2010 article Corliss wrote that Grant should've been nominated for a Best Actor Oscar for his work in the classic film, His Girl Friday. 

Penny Serenade Cary Grant Original studio Still

In 1941 two more of my personal favorites were released, very different roles for him: Penny Serenade, costarring with Irene Dunne and Suspicion with Joan Fontaine. 

He played a newspaperman, the father of an adopted daughter. The film, something of a tear-jerker, which could have been maudlin, is saved by the performances of Grant and Dunne. It was chosen by Cher as one of her favorites when she was a guest programmer on Turner Classic Movies (TCM) in 2013.The film also featured Beulah Bondi and Edgar Buchanan. 

Cary Grant's first Oscar nomination was for Penny Serenade. The big night was February 26, 1942, The 14th Academy Awards.

"I went to a sneak preview and got into the theater after dark and heard a couple behind me say, 'Oh, another Cary Grant, Irene Dunne comedy.' Little did they know. By the half way point both were blubbering. Oh, it was a four hankie affair. I have a miscarriage in Japan, Cary has to cry when the judge tries to take away our adopted girl, then she dies.

"His crying scene was so magnificent I said, 'Oh, he's going to win the Oscar.' And he nearly did. He was also great that year in Suspicion. But I told him he'd never win. He made everything seem spontaneous, so easy. But that is fine acting when people think you are playing yourself. I found comedy hardest, drama less so but what did I know? I never even got a nomination that year."
Irene Dunne; The Toronto Star interview with Jim Bawden

Other Best Actor nominees that year were Gary Cooper: Sergeant York, Orson Welles: Citizen Kane, Walter Huston: All That Money Can Buy and Robert Montgomery: Here Comes Mr. Jordan. Gary Cooper was not nominated for his role in the comedy, Ball of Fire but for the role as the World War I hero Sergeant York. Cooper won the Best Actor award that year.

Newspaper mogul William Randolph Hearst and his defenders had been working to intimidate anyone connected with the film Citizen Kane and Orson Welles in particular. His papers had set out a smear campaign against him.

Welles was another Hollywood outsider. His negative comments about the industry served only to fuel the fire that Hearst was setting against him. The film received nine Academy Award nominations but it only won the Best Writing (Original Screenplay) Oscar. Welles shared the award for best screenplay with Herman Mankiewicz. I have a post about Welles' Oscar nomination and his Screenplay Oscar.

 A short film of the awards banquet, no sound. Supporting actor winners were still receiving plaques.

The nominees for Best Actress included sisters, Cary Grant's costar, Joan Fontaine in Suspicion and Olivia de Havilland: Hold Back the Dawn. Other nominees in this category were Bette Davis: The Little Foxes, Greer Garson: Blossoms in the Dust and  Barbara Stanwyck: Ball of Fire (with Gary Cooper).  Joan Fontaine won the award. It would be the only acting award ever received for any Alfred Hitchcock film.

Quite a bit has been written about a rivalry between Cary Grant and Gary Cooper. The two men were in the studio system in the thirties competing for roles which meant exposure, more and better parts in film. They were also competing for women. Beauties such as the actress/model Phyllis Brooks were linked to both of them. Competition at work, for money and ladies? Was it just a case of men playing Quien es mas macho?

Any information I found in a brief search was second or third hand or fragments of quotes out of context. Much of it could be apocryphal. Good news isn't interesting, and no news isn't news at all. An assumption is that there was and is competition in the industry between all the participants. Often when we see a film run on television a commentator will tell us the other actors who were also considered for the part, who turned down the role. It's interesting.

I liked his 1942 movie, Talk of the Town, which costarred Jean Arthur and Ronald Colman. It had seven Academy Award nominations including one for Outstanding Motion Picture. Unfortunately it didn't win any Oscars. All three stars turn in very good performances.

Cary Grant None but the Lonely Heart Movie ad Magazine Photo clipping

Grant's second and only other nomination was for his role in the 1944 film, None but the Lonely Heart. Both Charles Boyer, in Gaslight and Cary Grant were nominated for films where they were cast against type.

Grant plays a rougher character in this film, more serious than fans were used to seeing. He speaks with a Cockney accent which he rarely did in films. I think we see that (hear it) in Sylvia Scarlett and a little in Mr. Lucky where there's a fun bit about rhyming slang.

The film had three nominations total. Ethel Barrymore, who played his mother, won the Actress in a Supporting Role Academy Award.

It was more a critical success if not such a big box office hit. Reviewers for Time and Variety praised the film and his acting. The Hollywood Reporter called it "simply the finest thing he has ever done."


None But the Lonely Heart
costars  Ethel Barrymore, Barry Fitzgerald, June Duprez, Jane Wyatt, George Coulouris and Dan Duryea.

Bosley Crowther in a 1944 New York Times review: "Such a sensitive and warmly revealing and poetically lovely film it is that one may feel wonder and amazement at seeing it on the screen.  

"Especially may one marvel at Cary Grant in the leading role and be entranced by the thoughtfulness of casting Ethel Barrymore as his excellent support." ..."Mr. Grant's performance as Ernie Mott, the 'tramp of the Universe'—the 'citizen of the Great Smoke' who was 'barmy as the muffin man'—is an exceptional characterization of bewilderment and arrogance ..."

Crowther's review ends with the comment, "It may possibly be that this picture will not be widely accepted just now, but we are sure that it will be remembered—and revived—long after many current favorites are forgotten."

Ingrid Bergman won her first Best Actress Oscar for her role opposite Boyer in Gaslight.  Bing Crosby won the Best Actor award for Going My Way. The film also won Best Picture that year.
"'One of the films that I think shows a successful bit of acting is None But the Lonely Heart,' he said. 'That's where I found a form that fitted me. I played a well-dressed, fairly sophisticated chap who is put into intolerable situations. It's a formula, and I used it often.'

"Other films he especially liked included North by Northwest, Charade, Bringing Up Baby and The Philadelphia Story.

"'I think Indiscreet and Notorious, both with Ingrid Bergman, are good. They hold up.'"
Redbook March 1987; This was one of Cary Grant's last interviews

In 1948 at the 20th Academy Awards, Sidney Sheldon won an Oscar for Best Original Screenplay of 1947 for The Bachelor and the Bobbysoxer. Sheldon went on to have more success writing books and television. The Bishop's Wife had been nominated for awards, including Best Picture, but hadn't won.

Indiscreet Cary Grant Ingrid Bergman
16X20 B&W
In 1946, Grant made the Alfred Hitchcock film Notorious with Ingrid Bergman and Claude Rains. It's one of my all time favorites. The film has one of the most erotic and memorable kissing scenes ever.

In a 2012 Vanity Fair interview, Sophia Loren talks about Cary Grant. He's in her book, Sophia: Living and Loving: Her Own Story. Grant proposed to her repeatedly when they were filming Houseboat. 

"When asked for one piece of advice Sophia would like to give to young actresses everywhere it's...

"'Learn how to kiss. Now they kiss in another way,' she said, 'like they are devouring each other.' She demonstrated. 'They should see how people like Ingrid Bergman and Cary Grant kiss in Notorious. Do they eat each other's faces? No!'"

Another one of my favorites was People Will Talk, a Joseph L  Mankiewicz film from 1951. It is a love story but also a very political and ideological story.

Joseph L. Mankiewicz had won both Best Director and Best Screenplay Academy Awards in the 22nd and 23rd Academy Awards consecutively. His film A Letter to Three Wives  came out in 1949, All About Eve was a hit in 1950.

Mr. Mankiewicz became the target of a McCarthy-style attack because he refused to sign a Loyalty Oath, an affidavit stating that members of the Screen Directors Guild were not members of the Communist Party. The Hollywood Blacklist is something that should be talked about and not forgotten so this kind of thing won't happen again.

His next film, People Will Talk, would star Cary Grant. As he wrote the screenplay and filming began, the events and fallout of the situation in his professional life played out behind the scenes. At the same time the witch hunts went on in the entire Hollywood community.

Reviewers and film historians say Grant is a stand-in for the director's taking a stand against McCarthyism in the guise of a doctor up on ethics charges. Grant  was the perfect choice all around for this role.

Mankiewicz has called the situation "a bewildering fascinating battle with Cecil DeMille about a compulsory loyalty oath for directors. ... Which meant that in order to direct a film in the United States of America you have to state that you were not, and had never been a member of the Communist party."
Joseph L. Mankiewicz: Interviews

People Will Talk was one of the first, if not the first film that not only deals with (if candy coated) the House Un-American Activities Committee hearings but is partly an anti-McCarthy story.

Grant's costar is Jeanne Crain. Supporting performers are Hume Cronyn, Finlay Currie, Walter Slezak,Sidney Blackmer and Margaret Hamilton.

This was just one of the topics that the director/screenwriter successfully incorporated into the film and got past the censors. It was a time when they say Katharine Hepburn was instructed to keep her eyes open when Cary Grant kissed her at the end of The Philadelphia Story, even though the two were supposed to be remarried at that point. Maybe they worried that if she closed her eyes she might be transported and go into some kind of romantic fit?

It's helpful to watch the movie keeping in mind a sense of what was going on at the time with the McCarthy hearings,
People Will Talk Cary Grant Studio Still
what was happening with women's rights and censorship. I've heard praise by disability advocates for Finlay Currie's portrayal of the character Shunderson, the doctor's right-hand man.

Joseph L  Mankiewicz's choice of Grant for the lead role was called inspired, he'd publicly condemned McCarthy-style blacklists. In hindsight, it has been called one of his best performances and the film is said to be one of the director's personal favorites.

"Grant as Dr. Noah Praetorius would traverse the emotional spectrum from being charming and  compassionate to being philosophical and intensely serious. ... For the good of the film and the message that Mankiewicz wanted to convey Grant succeeded in delivering one of his best performances."
Joseph L. Mankiewicz: Critical Essays With an Annotated Bibliography and a Filmography
By Cheryl Bray Lower, R. Barton Palmer

Ingrid Bergman had spent the better part of the 1950s out of the country thanks to a scandal brought on by her relationship with Roberto Rossellini. It was an affair which produced three children. Bergman's actions were denounced on the floor of the Senate.

You may remember how over 40 years later, in May of 1992, Vice President Dan Quayle condemned the fictional TV character Murphy Brown (Candice Bergen) and her "poverty of values," saying that by having a child without being married, she was mocking the importance of fathers.

Cary Grant was something of an outsider and he stood by friends when they were pushed outside. He supported Bergman throughout this period.

In 1957 she was nominated for the Best Actress Oscar for her work in Anastasia. She asked Grant to accept the Oscar if she should win and she did just that. In 1958 he returned to be a presenter. This was the year he made The Pride and the Passion with Sophia Loren and Frank Sinatra.

It was rehearsing for the 1958 Oscar ceremony that this famous photo was taken
Clark Gable, Cary Grant, Bob Hope and David Niven
from Life Magazine

Grant would have been suspect to some people because of his personal and professional friendships with people in all different realms. He had friends who were conservative and liberal politically, people who were of different generations and personalities. Like anyone it's impossible to characterize a person's life by a quote here or there.

Father Goose Cary Grant Leslie Caron British Lobby Card

He along with friends such as Hitchcock were some of the first to hire and work with blacklisted artists. After a dozen years undercover, Frank Tarloff decided to risk using his real name in the credits of Father Goose, Cary Grant's 1964 film.

Tarloff would co-write it with SH Barnett and Peter Stone. They won the Oscar for Best Writing, Story and Screenplay written directly for the screen. With the Oscar win, Tarloff was able to end his exile, return to Hollywood and return to work.

"By 1965 Grant had never won an Academy Award. That year, accepting the Oscar for co-writing a Grant vehicle called Father Goose, Peter Stone was perfectly succinct:
'My thanks to Cary Grant,' he said, ‘who keeps winning these things for other people.'"

Peter Bogdonavich, The Saturday Evening Post
- March 1978

Cary Grant retired from film making in 1966. His last movie was Walk, Don't Run with Samantha Eggar and Jim Hutton.

Grant repeated an analogy often in discussions, speeches and interviews. I remember Joan Crawford (who did win one) on a talk show, Mike Douglas?, saying how very important the Oscar is to actors. Here's Cary Grant's analogy from an interview with Gene Siskel in early 1976.

"'Chaplin is waiting a long time at a trolley car stop. He`s the first in line of what turns out to be a huge crowd. The trolley finally arrives, he`s the first one on, but then the crowd behind him surges through the door and pushes him right through the door on the other side.

"'And that's a lot like what Hollywood is like,' Grant said. 'When you're a young man, Douglas Fairbanks Sr. is driving. Wally Berry is the conductor, and Chaplin's got a front row seat. You take your seat, and back behind you is Gary Cooper. He has got his long feet stuck out in front of one of the exit doors, and people keep tripping over him and onto the street.

"'Suddenly a young man named Ty Power gets on. He asks you to move over. You make a picture with Joan Fontaine. You think you do a good job, but she wins the Oscar, and you get nothing.

"'And pretty soon more and more people get on, it's getting very crowded, and then you decide to get off.'
"Told that there would always be a place for Cary Grant on the trolley car, he gave an instantaneous response:

"'I forgot to tell you. When you get off the trolley, you notice that it's been doing nothing but going around in circles. It doesn't go anywhere. You see the same things over and over. So you might as well get off.'"
-- The Real Cary Grant A Revealing Weekend With Archibald Leach Chicago Tribune
By Gene Siskel, January 1976 and reprinted early December 1986

The 42nd Academy Awards would be presented April 7, 1970. It was announced that he was to be honored with a lifetime achievement honorary Oscar. Still some members were against this decision and his rejoining the Academy helped to smooth some ruffled feathers. The award meant a lot to Mr. Grant. He was happy to get it and thrilled that he received standing ovations.

The timing was difficult as that spring found him dealing with a much publicized paternity suit. The young lady, who had and would give many interviews about the situation, had threatened to hold a press conference outside the Dorothy Chandler Pavilion on the night of the Oscars. Grace Kelly was supposed to present him with the award and he asked her not to do it so she wouldn't be at all involved in his scandal.

Just days before the Oscars he was dealing with the paternity case, keeping an appointment at a courthouse and giving blood samples. Apparently on the day they were to meet in court the mother of the child did not show up and didn't offer her own blood samples. While the case went away, the publicity continued and the fear that she would be at the awards show remained. She never did show up.

Frank Sinatra presents Cary Grant
Academy Awards Oscar Original
5X4 Transparency Negative
Cary Grant's friend Frank Sinatra presented the award. Perhaps since he got the call a little late, Sinatra's presentation is a bit unusual? Fans sometimes question his style, but they say that in a letter Cary Grant wrote later he thanked Sinatra for staying on stage with him for moral support.  A video of his speech is below

All of the extra stress in his life could be seen slightly as you watch him accept the award but it can be said that in his late 60s he did still look good.

"I'm very grateful to the Academy's Board of Directors for this happy tribute,and to thank Frank for coming here especially to give it to me and to all the fellows who worked so hard in finding and assembling those film clips."

He thanked the directors and writers he'd worked with, nodding to those who he saw in the audience such as Alfred Hitchcock.

"You know I've never been a joiner or a member of any -- oh particular - social set, but I've been privileged to be a part of Hollywood's most glorious era.

"And yet tonight thinking of all the empty screens that are waiting to be filled with marvelous image, ideologies, points of view and considering all the students who are studying film techniques in the universities throughout the world and the astonishing young talents that are coming up in our midst, I think there's an even more glorious era right around the corner.

"So before I leave you I want to thank you very much for signifying your approval of this. I shall cherish it until I die, because probably no greater honor can come to any man than the respect of his colleagues. Thank you."

He wrote a letter of thanks to the President of the Academy reinstating his membership and explaining his reason for resigning years ago. "Because of what may have since become outmoded principles, I deplored commercializing a ceremony which, in my estimation, should have remained unpublicized and privately shared among the artists and craftsmen in our industry. I'm not sure at all my beliefs have changed; just the times..."
Cary Grant: A Class Apart by Graham McCann

He would return to present James Stewart and Laurence Olivier with their Honorary Oscars at later Academy Awards events.

"Grant says that he is 'a private person only if you compare me with Joan Crawford. But a person like me is subject to certain indignities. I've had biographies written about me by people I've never met. One was a real hatchet job; I never read the one by Schickel  I heard it was a quality job, and it certainly had a good look to it.'" 
Dallas Morning News - March 20, 1986

Cary Grant: A Celebration by Richard Schickel is a good book. (Richard Schickel, Time movie critic).

This article is as good as the resources I was able to find for background information. I've looked through books that were well researched, containing quotes, sources, citations and input from those close to the subject. Some books were just informational, less biographical and those are helpful and interesting.

I found some "biographical" books that seemed to rely more on second and third hand information even if selling themselves on their being well researched.

** Charlie Chaplin would win another Honorary Oscar in 1971 for "the incalculable effect he has had in making motion pictures the art form of this century." The following year, he won the only competitive Academy Award of his career, a Best Score award in 1971 for Limelight (shared with Ray Rasch and Larry Russell).

To show how times may have changed, when you go to the Academy Awards web site, you can browse their Margaret Herrick Library. 

The first item shown Special Collections Department is their Alfred Hitchcock papers with classic graphic of the silhouette of Hitchcock and Cary Grant.

If you want to see their Photograph Archive, you'll see a description accompanied by a photo of Cary Grant. The library is meant to represent a history of the motion picture industry, not necessarily the Academy Awards alone from what I gather. That would be a great place to visit.
-- February 2014

Chaplin's Girl: The Life and Loves of Virginia Cherrill

Sources not cited above:

Evenings With Cary Grant: Recollections in His Own Words and by Those Who Knew Him Best. by Nancy Nelson. Forward by Barbara and Jennifer Grant.

Better Left Unsaid: Victorian Novels, Hays Code Films, and the Benefits of Censorship (The Cultural Lives of Law)

Cary Grant in Name Only

Ingrid Bergman My Story

Films inducted yearly onto The National Film Registry

Cary Grant and Ralph Bellamy would turn 110 in 2014

Cary Grant becomes US Citizen June 1942, marries Barbara Hutton; Errol Flynn and Peter Lorre become US Citizens

The Margaret Herrick Library, Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences

We found more documentaries, foreign films, more British television shows and
This article is part of
The 31 Days of Oscar Blogathon
many more old color and black and white films on Amazon.  I found more films from Cary Grant's era on Amazon than other streaming media outlets.

Having several of the videos free to watch with Amazon Prime is great. 

Join Amazon Prime - Watch Over 40,000 Movies We chose Amazon Prime because we prefer their wide selection of movies and documentaries to other streaming video sites, and the yearly price is about the same. But you get added benefits to joining Amazon Prime. 

There are always movies you want to pay to rent or own. There seems to still be some special films we want to own on DVD.

The woman who charged Cary Grant in the paternity suit has since died according to a news report.

My other articles in the 31 Days of Oscar Blogathon: 

Great Early Best Original Song Oscar Winners pre-1960, 2014 news

Hume Cronyn: 6 Favorite Film Roles Lifeboat - Cocoon

Mel Brooks talks about meeting Cary Grant

*About links: Please note that links will open in separate windows for your convenience. You can close them and go back to this blog article in its original window.  
* If you hold copyright to any photos and would like them removed, please contact me and I'd be happy to remove them.

Sunday, January 26, 2014

Oliver a Poodle fit for a Princess-The new pet Grace Kelly brought to Monaco

What do our pets mean to us?  In 1956 Grace Kelly arrived in Monaco for her wedding. As her prince escorted her off the ship she was cradling a black poodle in her arms. The dog was an engagement gift from friend and To Catch A Thief co-star Cary Grant. Loving the pets of the person you love can be a wonderful thing.

Grace Kelly was married on April 19, 1956. Their civil wedding was the day before on April 18th.

You see Grace Kelly holding the poodle. 

Cary and his wife had a poodle named April. Grace had played with their poodle at their Palm Springs home. 

"Of her costars Kelly's relationship with (Cary) Grant was one of the most enduring. He and his wife Betsy gifted Grace with her beloved pet poodle, Oliver shortly before she set sail for her wedding. 

"They were there for key moments in Grace's life: her wedding, the ball held for Princess Caroline's wedding in 1978, Grace and Ranier's twenty-fifth wedding anniversary and Grace's funeral."
-- from What Would Grace Do?: How to Live Life in Style Like the Princess of Hollywood (paper or ebook) by Gina McKinnon 

We'll assume that Grace Kelly named Oliver, but don't know that. Archibald was the name Cary Grant chose for his pet sealyham. His real (former) name had been a long-time joke for him and the public. It is said that the dog ran out the door while Grant was carrying Virginia Cherrill over the threshold in 1934. He took large ads in the papers with the dog's name.  A sealyham is a rare Welsh breed of small to medium-sized terrier that originated in Wales as a working dog.

In June, 1942, shortly before his marriage to Barbara Hutton, he legally changed his name from Archibald Leach to Cary Grant and became an American citizen.

There are humorous inside-joke type mentions of his birth-name in films Gunga Din and in His Girl Friday, he says, "The last man to say that to me was Archie Leach, just a week before he cut his throat."

Later in his life Mr. Grant and his wife Barbara had cats named Sausage and EQ. The book tells a story of when Quincy Jones came over to the house and laughed when he heard EQ's name. 

This cat had two different colored eyes. Grant told Jones that he didn't even know what the cat's name stood for. Jones told him that in recording music, EQ stands for equalization, but then he laughed and said, "Man, that cat hasn't even got two eyes the same color!"

Cary Grant's beautiful daughter, Jennifer is grown up now. In her book, Good Stuff: A Reminiscence of My Father, Cary Grant, which is a sort of homage to her dad, she mentions her own dog.  "My dog, Oliver, is named after our mutual nickname, Ollie. In a Cockney accent we could greet each other with,  'ello Ollie! 'ow ya' doin', Ollie? Oliver and baby Cary will look at us sideways, and then my father will never leave again." 

The book is it's fun and refreshing. It's interesting from a fan perspective and it's also well written. A lot of daughters will be able to relate.

Grace Kelly Packing for Wedding to Prince Rainer of Monaco.
Her pet poodle, Oliver looks on....

There are several photo posters of Actress Grace Kelly around the time of her wedding, before and after
photographer, Lisa Larsen :: Buy vintage photo poster

Poster would be a fantastic choice for the wall of a fashionista, clothing/jewelry designer, stylist or photographer....
Different sizes and frame types are available Premium photographic print, an upgrade to the standard photographic print, feature high-gloss premium photographic paper. The result is a unique silver pearlescent finish with visual impact and depth. 

Is a love of animals passed on from generation to generation or are we born with the ability to love and have empathy for other creatures? Either way, encouraging our kids to treat animals with love, kindness and respect is important.

On August 31, 2013, Prince Andrea Casiraghi, second in line to the throne of Monaco, wed Tatiana Santo Domingo. By all accounts there was not a crown in sight. The prince is the grandchild of Prince Rainier III and Princess Grace of Monaco. 

The couple's puppy was a guest and appeared in several of the wedding photos. 

Years earlier, when Grace Kelly went to marry Prince Rainier of Monaco, she received a poodle named Oliver from her friend Cary Grant. The two had recently made the Alfred Hitchcock film, To Catch A Thief. Miss Kelly's pet dogs were among the passengers to accompany her on the ship to Monaco.

Grace Kelly was known to be a dog lover. Oliver the poodle was seen in newsreels and photos. She either did or used to also have at least a Great Dane and a Weimaraner. 

Tatiana, the bride-to-be, celebrated her upcoming wedding on a luxury yacht. She and her bridesmaids wore white and had garlands of flowers in their hair.

"In her classic bohemian style, the bride wore a simple Missoni gown with three-quarter length sleeves and a demure V-neck, raffia- and silk thread-emroidered bodice and a full-length circle skirt with a macrame effect supported by two layers of silk organza. 

"Finishing off her hippy chick look she wore a floral wreath on her head, similar to the one she wore for her hen-do last week."
-- excerpt from Brides Magazine

Video: 50 Years after wedding of Grace Kelly and Prince Rainer of Monaco
Beautiful footage -- including Oliver the Poodle
You see Grace Kelly holding the poodle while she is getting off of the ship. Prince Rainier takes the end of Oliver's leash as they get into the car.

1956 Grace Kelly, Elizabeth Taylor, Debbie Reynolds
Wedding Dress Photos Original Print Ad Advertising
"The studio presented these stars their wedding dresses:" Grace Kelly, Elizabeth Taylor, Debbie Reynolds, Jane Powell, Arlene Dahl.

Lovely ladies and animal stars made several Hollywood hits. 
Notably Elizabeth Taylor with her Lassie movies.

Elizabeth Taylor and Lassie 8x10"

Elizabeth Taylor was in Lassie Come Home (1943) and The Courage of Lassie (1946)

Grace Kelly's Star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame is located at 6329 Hollywood Blvd.
Her star is near those of Eve Arden, C. Aubrey Smith, Ann Rutherford, Rosemary Clooney, Desi Arnaz and Gordon MacRae

For equal time
Grace Kelly with a kitten
8X10 Photo

Elizabeth Taylor's Star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame is located at 6336 Hollywood Blvd.
Her star is near those of Richard Burton and Darryl Zanuck,
Marjorie Rambeau, Arturo Toscanini, Irene Hervey, Kim Novak, Dorothy Lamour, Lillian Roth

Lassie's Star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame is located at 6368 Hollywood Blvd.
Lassie's star is near those of Anne Bancroft and Robert Goulet, Paul Henreid, Chris Farley, Andy Devine, Rodney Dangerfield, Jack Benny and Rich Little

To Catch a Thief - Cary Grant Grace Kelly Movie Poster

2015 marks the 60th anniversary of Alfred Hitchcock's To Catch a Thief. Will there be a tribute or celebration in your area?

On the Riviera, in the summer of 2013, approximately $136,000,000 of jewels was stolen from The Carlton Intercontinental Hotel in Cannes, France. The hotel was where Hitchcock had filmed scenes for To Catch a Thief where Cary Grant played a cat burglar.

Some information from:

Evenings With Cary Grant: Recollections in His Own Words and by Those Who Knew Him Best  By Nancy Nelson

The Man From Dream City, by Pauline Kael, New Yorker Magazine, July 1975

Related Pages of Interest:

Grace Kelly Costume Mattel Barbie : To Catch a Prince
Capture those special days in their lives with a beautiful doll in a wedding dress done to the smallest detail and other outfits matched to what she wore including the pearl necklace given to her as an engagement gift from the prince to the Manual of Catholic Devotions prayer book that she carried with her.

Cary Grant becomes a US Citizen and changes his name from Archie Leach June 1942

Pets in Weddings, Dog Ring Bearers, in Portraits, A Cat or Dog Bridesmaid : Dogs in Weddings
Pets in our wedding parties, Cats, dogs other pets walking down the aisle, Making your wedding personal. More people, we read about the celebrities are having our pets if not in the ceremony itself, in the portraits and photos and at some part of the wedding festivities.

Animals on the Hollywood Walk of Fame Animals on the Hollywood Walk of Fame: Famous Dogs, Character Costumes : Muppets, Godzilla, more.

Friday, January 24, 2014

Movie Quotes about Marriage Love and Relationships

Random Quotes
about Marriage, Love and Relationships from films
To help you think of what to say during those times in life when we either don't know what to say or we wish we all had script writers.Some of these quotes are slightly paraphrased, some are best appreciated when you see the film, itself and understand the context.

On Marriage, Being a Husband or Wife

Mr. Skeffington lobby Card
Bette Davis, Claude Rains orig '44
"I don't want to be sweet and understanding! I want to be a husband!"
Bill Sherman (Gordon MacRae) in By the Light of the Silvery Moon 1953
He's married to Doris Day (Marjorie Winfield)

"What does one tell a husband? One tells him nothing." Tom Conway as psychiatrist, Dr. Louis Judd to his client, Simone Simon as Irena Dubrovna Reed in Cat People 1943

"Tell me, does your husband interfere with your marriage?"
To Joan Crawford as Helen Wright Humoresque 1946
Featuring John Garfield and Oscar Levant

"I swear, if you existed, I'd divorce you." Who's Afraid of Virginia Woolf? 1966 Martha (Elizabeth Taylor) to George (Richard Burton)

"Why did you marry me?" Walter Pidgeon as Major Augustus Parkington
"Oh, life was too simple without you." Greer Garson as Susie Parkington
Mrs. Parkington 1944

"There's nothing like a good dose of being left alone to make a man appreciate his wife." The Women 1939 
Norma Shearer Joan Crawford
Rosalind Russell The Women
8x10 photo 1939
Mrs. Moorehead (Lucile Watson)

If looking for a way to woo your sweetie, in the What not to say category is, "I'm in the mood to exercise my husbandly prerogative." This is from The Haunted Palace 1963, a line by Vincent Price in a dual role spoken to Debra Paget. 

"From the time he got the marriage license, I've led a dog's life."
Thelma Todd as Lucille Briggs
"Are you sure he didn't get a dog's license?" Groucho Marx
Monkey Business 1931

"Personally I don't like a girlfriend to have a husband. If she'll fool a husband she'll fool me." 
Michael O'Hara (Orson Welles) The Lady from Shanghai (1947)

Quotes on Love

Job Skeffington: "A woman is beautiful when she's loved and only then."
Fanny Trellis Skeffington: "Nonsense. A woman is beautiful when she has eight hours' sleep and goes to the beauty parlor every day. And bone structure has a lot to do with it too."

Later at the end of the film when they're older, have lived more and are reunited:

Fanny Trellis Skeffington: "A woman's beautiful only when she is loved."
Mr. Skeffington (1944)  Bette Davis, Claude Rains

"I don't know much about him, but I love him!"
Claudette Colbert as Ellie Andrews
It Happened One Night 1934

Vivien Leigh 8X10" Photo

"I loved him more and more. He loved me less and less."
Vivien Leigh as Anna Karenina 1948

"Don't you have any pride?"
"No pride at all. That's a luxury a woman in love can't afford."
Sylvia Fowler/Mrs. Howard Fowler (Rosalind Russell) to Mary/Mrs. Stephen Haines (Norma Shearer) The Women 1939

"I've worked too hard to land this meal ticket to make any false moves now."
Crystal Allen (Joan Crawford) The Women 1939

"Oh, poor creatures. They've lost their equilibrium because they've lost their faith in love. Oh l'amour, l'amour." The Countess De Lave - Flora (Mary Boland) The Women 1939

It Happened One Night Clark Gable,
Claudette Colbert;
no undershirt
"Do you love her?"
"Yes, but don't hold that against me, I'm a little screwy myself."
It Happened One Night
Clark Gable as Peter Warne to Walter Connolly as Alexander Andrews

"You do well to be jealous, he is stronger than you. You are today. He is tomorrow." 
Fire over England 1937
Flora Robson as Queen Elizabeth I of England

"I have a confession to make. I really am a horse doctor. But marry me and I'll never look at another horse."
Dr. Hackenbush (Groucho) to Judy (Maureen O'Sullivan); A Day at the Races 1937

"That's what the terrible thing is, you gotta trust somebody. There ain't no other way."
Clash By Night 1963, Barbara Stanwyck as Mae Doyle D'Amato, Paul Douglas as Jerry D'Amato

"Don't you think I've had enough excitement for one evening without the additional thrill of a strange man making love to me?"
The Mummy 1932 Zita Johann as Helen Grosvenor/Princess Ankh-es-en-Amon
David Manners as Frank Whemple

 The Monster: "Alone: bad. Friend: good!"
And later says he wants a: "Woman... Friend... Wife..."

The Bride of Frankenstein (1935)

"Stephen is tired of himself. Tired of feeling the same things in himself. Time comes when a man's got to feel something new. When he's got to feel young again just because he's growing old. We women are so much more sensible.

"When we tire of ourselves, we change the way we do our hair or hire a new cook or decorate the house. I suppose a man could do over his office, but he never thinks of anything so simple. No, dear, a man has only one escape from his old self: to see a different self in the mirror of some woman's eyes."
Mrs. Moorehead (Lucile Watson) The Women 1939
To her daughter about her son-in-law's behavior.

A Night at the Opera original MGM publicity still photo
Harpo Marx/Kitty Carlisle

Proposals, Engagement parties:

Will you marry me? Did he [her late husband] leave you any money? Answer the second question first. 
Duck Soup 1933
Nightmare Alley Movie Poster
(11 x 14 Inches - 28cm x 36cm)
(1947) Tyrone Power, Coleen Gray,
Joan Blondell, Helen Walker. Taylor Holmes
Groucho Marx as Rufus T. Firefly to Margaret Dumont as Mrs. Gloria Teasdale

"I still claim I was tight the night I proposed to you! If you had been a gentleman you would have forgotten it."
His Girl Friday
Cary Grant as Walter Burns to Rosalind Russell as Hildegard "Hildy" Johnson

"Drink to the bride and groom, may all their children be acrobats"
Nightmare Alley 1947 Tyrone Power as Stanton "Stan" Carlisle
Joan Blondell as Zeena Krumbein

A toast to the "holy state of matrimony: single lives, twin beds and triple bromides in the morning." 
Given by Joan (Sylvia Sidney) in Merrily We Go to Hell (1932). The movie also stars Fredric March, Adrianne Allen and has an appearance by a newcomer named Cary Grant. 

"One man's poison is another man's meat."
Mildred Pierce 1945 a toast by Zachary Scott as Monte Beragon
(Use as toasts at your next engagement party or wedding reception at your discretion and/or a sense of humor, depending on the group of people in attendance. Monte received a punch in the nose.)

Roger Thornhill (Cary Grant): "When we get out of this, you can ride the train with me again."
Eve Kendall (Eva Marie Saint): "Is that a proposition?"
RT: "It's a proposal, sweetie!" 
North by Northwest 1959 (As they were hanging off of the Mt. Rushmore monument)

"We're going to follow the customs of California. ... We're going to marry and raise fat children and watch our vineyards grow."
Tyrone Power (Don Diego Vega/Zorro) The Mark of Zorro (1940) [last lines]

Question: What are some of your favorite film quotes on the subject of love and marriage? These are just a few. 

I'll have more random quotes lists coming in the future.   
Funny Horse Marry Me Greeting Cards
Funny Horse Marry Me Greeting Cards Marx Brothers inspired
Browse more Horse Cards at Zazzle